Research & Development statistics record the expenditures and personnel engaged in the country's research and development activities and are used in the production of a series of important growth indicators.
total R&D expenditure in Greece in 2022 (preliminary data)
the percentage of R&D expenditure on GDP in 2022 (preliminary data)
business enterprise sector R&D expenditure in 2022 (preliminary data)
1.49% the R&D intensity in 2022 in Greece
Based on the value of GDP in 2022, which shows an increase of 13.8% compared to 2021, the R&D expenditures as a % of GDP ("R&D Intensity") equals to 1.49% compared to 1.46% in 2021, showing a decrease of 0.05 percentage units.
The increase in R&D expenditures in 2022, according to the provisional data, was accompanied by an increase in employment in R&D activities. The number of Full-Time Equivalents (FTEs), which equate to full-time "positions", compared to 2021, increased by 9.9% for total R&D personnel and by 10.2% for researchers. Total R&D personnel in 2022 amounts to 67,813 full-time positions (FTEs) and researchers to 49,960 FTEs.
In 2022, R&D expenditure in Greece reached 3,084.82 million euro, increased by 438.37 million euro compared to 2021 (16.6% increase). More specifically, according to R&D expenditure data, there is an increase in all sectors of activity: the business sector, the higher education sector, the government sector and the sector of private non-profit institutions.